Parents Guide to Phonics

A Parents’ Guide to Phonics in Nursery

Overview

At Temple Grove ‘Letters & Sounds’ is the chosen accredited programme used to teach phonics, high frequency words and to support early reading development. The ‘Letters and Sounds’ Programme is split into 6 phases:

  • Phase 1 is introduced in the Nursery
  • Phases 2 and 3 are introduced in Reception
  • Phases 4 and 5 are introduced in Year 1
  • Phase 6 is introduced in Year 2.

In EYFS and KS1 your child will be taught phonics every day.  Alongside the teaching of phonics, every child will be provided with daily opportunities to apply their phonic knowledge and skills in reading and spelling.

This information will give you an idea of what is expected at the phase your child is working within and how you can support their learning at home.

Phase 1

As parents and carers you are your child’s first teachers. You have a powerful influence on your child’s early learning. From an early age your child will need to experience a wide range of activities and experiences with you to develop their early reading and writing skills such as singing, saying rhymes joining in conversations, painting and pretend play.

These activities will help your child take the first important steps towards reading and writing.

Phase 1

In this phase, your child will be learning to:

  • have fun with sounds
  • listen carefully
  • develop their vocabulary
  • speak confidently to you, other adults and other children
  • tune into sounds
  • listen and remember sounds
  • talk about sounds
  • understand that spoken words are made up of different sounds.

Phase 1 consists of seven interlinking parts:

  • environmental sounds
  • instrumental sounds
  • body percussion
  • rhythm and rhyme
  • alliteration (words that begin with the same sound)
  • voice sounds
  • oral blending and segmenting.

Phase 1 is used in nursery.  This recognises the central importance of developing speaking and listening skills as a priority.  After all, the more words children know and understand, the better equipped they will be to succeed as they move through the school. Phase 1 provides a broad and rich language experience for children. Children engage in worthwhile learning activities that encourage them to talk a lot, to increase their stock of words and to improve their command of dialogue.

A Parents’ Guide to Phonics in Reception

Overview

At Temple Grove School ‘Letters & Sounds’ is the chosen accredited programme used to teach phonics, high frequency words and to support early reading development. The ‘Letters and Sounds’ Programme is split into 6 phases:

  • Phase 1 is introduced in the Nursery
  • Phases 2 and 3 are introduced in Reception
  • Phases 4 and 5 are introduced in Year 1
  • Phase 6 is introduced in Year 2.

In EYFS and KS1 your child will be taught phonics every day.  Alongside the teaching of phonics, every child will be provided with daily opportunities to apply their phonic knowledge and skills in reading and spelling.

This information will give you an idea of what is expected at the phase your child is working within and how you can support their learning at home.

Phase 2

By the end of Phase 2, the children should:
Know at least 19 sounds and letters (GPC – Grapheme Phoneme Correspondence) …

s a t p i n m d
g o c k ck e u r
h b f/ff  l/ll  ss

Be able to read 5 tricky words…

the      to      I      no      go

They should be able to:

Orally blend cvc (consonant, vowel, consonant) words e.g. when you sound out the sounds c-a-t, they can tell you the word is cat, Orally segment cvc words e.g. when you say the word cat, they can pick out the sounds c-a-t.

Phase 3

Phase 3 builds on Phase 2 and by the end of Phase 3, the children should:

Know 25 new sounds and letters (GPC – Grapheme Phoneme Correspondence)…

    j      v      w      x      y      z      zz     

   qu    ch    sh     th     ng     ai     ee   

   igh   oa     ar     or     ur    oi     ow   

   er    ear    air    ure    oo (book/ boot)

 Be able to read 12 more Tricky words…

   he     she     we     me     be     was 

   my     you     her     they     all     are

They should now also be able to:

  • Spell the 5 tricky words from phase 2.  (the, to, I, no, go)
  • Blend and read CVC words

Begin to segment and spell CVC words

Reading high frequency words

Phase 2 decodable words:

a

an

as

at

if

in

is

it

of

off

on

can

dad

had

back

and

get

big

him

his

not

got

up

mum

but

put (north)

Phase 3 decodable words

will

that

this

then

them

with

see

for

now

down

look

too

Useful websites

Below is a list of websites that can support you and your child with letters and sounds…

www.letters-and-sounds.com

Includes further information on each phase as well as printable resources and links to online games

www.bbc.co.uk/school/wordsandpictures

Games mainly aimed at year 1 and year 2 looking at sounds and high frequency words. Some printable activities, particularly for the phase 4 blends

www.ictgames.com/literacy

Wide range of games for sounds, words and rhyming

www.phonicsplay.co.uk/freeIndex

Lots of free games for each phase, especially good for reading non-words. You can also subscribe to access more games

www.topmarks.co.uk

Search engine designed for schools where you can find a wide range of resources and activities with a phonics focus

Please speak to your child’s teacher if you have any questions

A video to help support Phonics

Phonics articulation

Printable Parent Booklets